Saturday, 1 March 2008

Week Nine: Authority and Freedom (Friday)

Suggested readings for our last class follows under the cut.

Do people need law to make them good? What is the best state of the commonwealth? What is the relationship between utopia, communism and anarchy?

Big History

Berlin, I., 1969, ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, in I. Berlin, Four Essays on Liberty, London: Oxford University Press. New ed. in Berlin 2002, and in various places online. There is also an essay on 'positive and negative' liberty on the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy which updates the relevance of this essay.

Lyman Tower Sargent, 'Authority & Utopia: Utopianism in Political Thought'
Polity, Vol. 14, No. 4. (Summer, 1982), pp. 565-584.

Particular Historical Contexts
These all focus on a particular period, but are also prone to draw conclusions of their significance for ‘today’.

Robert Paul Resch, ‘Utopia, Dystopia, and the Middle Class in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four ‘, Boundary 2, Vol. 24, No. 1. (Spring, 1997), pp. 137-176.

Michael Holzman, ‘Anarchism and Utopia: William Morris's News from Nowhere’ ELH, Vol. 51, No. 3. (Autumn, 1984), pp. 589-603.

Mark Goldie, 'Obligations, utopias and their historical context', Historical Journal, 26 (1983), 727-46. renaissance utopias

Mary M. Keys, ‘Aquinas's Two Pedagogies: A Reconsideration of the Relation between Law and Moral Virtue’, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 45, No. 3. (Jul., 2001), pp. 519-531. – medieval (More was clearly influenced by (and against) the influential thirteenth century theologian, Thomas of Aquinas).

Everything is available online.

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